Exosomes are involved in cell communication. This is a new frontier in regenerative medicine. These exosomes have been recently discovered to be involved in direct cell signaling. Exosomes are isolated from donated human mesenchymal stem cells and purified using proprietary processing. The unique benefit to these exosomes is that they are stem cell-derived and bring a wide array of growth factors to stimulate and modulate many processes within the healing cascade.
Exosomes are not cells but are micro-vesicles, which are about 1/1,000th the size of a cell and contain no nucleus or DNA.
Stem cells and stem cell therapy work by paracrine signaling (local cell-to-cell communication to induce changes in nearby cells) to create the appropriate healing environment to restore tissue. The exosomes are those paracrine signals isolated from stem cells that can be delivered without the need for delivering stem cells.
Stem cells by nature work to heal, repair, and restore the body. This is accomplished by activating and recruiting the patients’ own cells to the area, revascularizing the area and reducing the inflammatory response to allow natural healing.